The James Bond film series is a worldwide box-office phenomenon, with cultural reference points including cars equipped with ejector seats, heroines equipped with suggestive names, and henchmen wielding steel-brimmed hats. The escapist series can nevertheless accommodate more subtle and understated plays with its established formula, and – as author Andrew McNess demonstrates – a sterling example of this can be found in 1985’s A VIEW TO A KILL. Through an analysis of the film’s characters, plotline, themes, music, action sequences, and more, 'A Close Look at A VIEW TO A KILL' illuminates an underrated classic in James Bond Cinema. This superbly engaging and insightful read offers a refreshing take on the pleasures of escapist cinema.

2015 / ISBN-13: 978-1511620970 / 138 pages

"A detailed, thoughtful and intelligent analysis."  -  Matthew Chernov, Variety contributor

"An insightful and fun look at one of the most underrated Bond films."  -  Paul Rowlands,

"Immersive from beginning to end ... strikes a good balance between solid film criticism and a breezy, fun read." - Joseph P. Menta, Jr., Kindle Taproom

"Well written, engaging and informative ... [the author] does a very nice job of analysing how this particular entry in the Bond canon diverges from expectations." -  Phil Sexton, Writer's Digest

“A brilliant companion.”  - Anders Frejdh, 

"A great analysis ... Must read for Bond fans." - Twan Arts, guest writer,

"A gem of a book ... [providing] great insight into John Glen's direction and John Barry's fantastic film score, along with all the subtle nuances of the characters, and more." - Matt Sherman, The James Bondlist

"Reading the book has gotten me really excited about re-viewing [A View to a Kill] ... It's really good - a nice take on the film." - Chris Wright, James Bond Radio

"This is an insightful book ... the author makes some very interesting points ... [he] challenges the reader to look at the film in new and exciting ways." - Jack Lugo, James Bond Radio

"[McNess] gives the film a rigorous look and examines things I'd never have thought of. It really is an in-depth analysis ... a fresh lens through which to see [A View to a Kill]." - David Leigh, The James Bond Dossier
"This is a book I actually have no problem promoting on the show. If Andrew McNess is listening, thank you very, very much for writing 'A Close Look at 'A View to a Kill' ... His analysis is really sharp..." - Edgar Chaput, The James Bond Complex 

"One of the best, most perceptive books about the cinematic Bond that I've read ... full of detailed observation and reflection ... While scholarly, McNess's book is refreshingly written in an accessible style for film/Bond fans." - 'Shady Tree',

CORPORATE CANNIBAL: An excerpt from A Close Look at ‘A View to a Kill'

Ordinary bad people aren’t even worth Bond’s time. [Zorin] is very, very bad.

[With A View to a Kill,] I did not go to ‘rushes’ every day … to see what we shot the day before, which I normally did [with the Bond films]. So it came as a surprise to me when I saw the premiere … to see so much violence. It seemed to me a much more violent film than any of the Bonds I’d done up till then. I preferred the old style Bond – not so many people were killed at the one time.

‘It seemed to me a much more violent film...’3 The sadism has definitely been taken up a couple of notches, and this can impact on how violent a film is perceived as being. The force of the water bursting through the tunnels, and the resultant collapsing structures, is vividly portrayed. The sound design is fantastic. You could be forgiven for initially thinking Zorin and Scarpine’s machine-gunning of the scampering, petrified men is a merciful gesture, salvation from the horror of drowning. However, such thought is dashed when we see Zorin in medium close-up, unable to contain his laughter at the crazy spectacle of it all. What a grand opportunity to live out childish dreams of omnipotence. Dubious as it may sound, Zorin’s joyful amusement at the destruction he has orchestrated is one of the most memorable elements of A View to a Kill. As Jeremy Black puts it, ‘Zorin [at this point] is a satanic figure, rather like Jack Nicholson’s portrayal of the devil in [1987’s] The Witches of Eastwick’.4

Roger Moore’s reservation towards this sequence was also reflected in some critical notices.5 For instance, in writing about the film’s PG (parental guidance recommended) rating in the United States, The Bulletin’s Gene Barton cautioned, ‘[A View to a Kill] contains the most wanton Bond violence ever … a PG-13 rating [parents strongly cautioned] would have been more proper’.6 Such reservation is understandable: even within an escapist context, the sequence is a disturbing one, with surely fifty or more men (and two of the three henchwomen) losing their lives in Zorin’s double cross. And yet while it represents a toughening up of the Bond formula, for the regular attendee of Bond films (or the attendee of any number of films in the action-adventure genre), the sequence clearly turns a Bondian – and action-adventure – staple on its head.

The details that accompany Zorin’s betrayal – the poor souls caught in the spray of machine-gun fire, the electrocutions, bodies falling from great heights – immediately quote the famous large-scale set pieces from Bond films such as The Spy Who Loved MeYou Only Live Twice and Goldfinger. But those sequences depicted a confrontation between allied forces and the super-villain’s private armiesGiven that A View to a Kill delivers the trappings of a Bondian battle sequence, but does so to depict a one-sided, cold-blooded betrayal, there’s inevitably a subversive quality to the action. The violent details that were once the consequence of a clash of ideologies (and formula dictates that one side must be spectacularly misguided) are here the result of egotism and a warped pragmatism. Therefore, the sequence cannot help but force us to appraise those past death-ridden ‘spectacles’ from a new, more sobering perspective. (That is, if we haven’t already rejected the filmmakers for spiking our drink.) There’s no glossing over the human cost here. The sequence is one heck of a metaphor for business-like cruelty, capped off with Zorin’s cool observation: ‘Good. Right on schedule.’ Had the film been directed by Oliver Stone (highly improbable, yes), we might have viewed the sequence as a sledge-hammer ‘fantasy-based’ invocation of the worst of the capitalist spirit: the ever-growing appetite and entitlement of the individualist, the dearth of empathy in the greed-driven, the lives of workers of minor consequence beyond the profit motive.

Perhaps we can take solace in our knowledge of Zorin’s steroids heritage. No ordinary person could do this. Interviewed in 1989, writer Maibaum was at a loss as to why he and Wilson felt the backstory was necessary. ‘Maybe we loaded that part with too much,’ Maibaum mused.7 Of course, if we remove the steroids references, we might be left solely with the unappetising possibility that Zorin had been driven crazy by capitalist zeal. (Whoever suggested the Bond universe was fanciful?) On the other hand, the discourse reassures us that those who exploit the fragile interdependency of the Western economic system will not escape unpunished. We could also take solace in the discourse of an ex-KGB man cursed with the inability to self-regulate his capitalistic fervour. Except we know this sickness extends to Westerners as well.

There’s something about A View to a Kill: the ambitions of the super-villain typically denote a perversion of the capitalist ethos, and Zorin is no exception. It is just that the perversion of this film – the jolly arrogance, airships emblazoned with company logo, the disposable girlfriend, the workers past their use-by date, the dead-eyed stare at the suffering of others – strikes a little closer to home than one might wish for this type of escapist fare.

Does the sequence belong in a Bond film? Does it belong alongside Roger Moore-Patrick Macnee double acts and crumpled police cars? An admiration for the blending of tonal elements has already been stated; the Bond film genre is a largely accommodating one. A View to a Kill keeps some of the fun elements, but it doesn’t overbalance itself with them, á la Moonraker, and it moves into some darker territories. Given earlier scenes and images – the pilots awash in the flare’s wake, the dark figure rising behind Tibbett and Chuck Lee, the murders of Klotkoff and Howe – there is the sense that we have reached the place the filmmakers have been leading us towards.

We might even forget for a moment that we are watching a Bond film; until, that is, we are delivered another example of offsetting the violence with humour. In this case, the camera zooms in on the lone fisherman, standing, ever so mystified, in a wide, empty lake. And true to form, the sequence does not fall into what The Spokeman Review’s critic Richard Freedman described as the ‘lip-smacking sadism of other [1980s] action adventures’.8 It overwhelmingly conforms to the level of graphic detail shown in previous Bond films, which is to say, the detail is minimal. The one exception would be Klotkoff’s death; but while that moment is chilling in its clinical presentation, you could hardly accuse the filmmakers of lingering.

1 Colin Dangaard, ‘Moore returns as Bond, ‘saving the world again’’, The Ottawa Citizen, 1 March 1985, p. D26.
2 Quoted from Roger Moore’s audio commentary (Chapter 23) in A View to a Kill, ultimate ed. DVD, directed by John Glen (1985, Santa Monica, CA: MGM Home Entertainment, 2006).
3 Ibid.
4 Black, The Politics of James Bond, p. 172.
5 ‘Roger Moore’s reservation towards this sequence was also reflected in some critical notices.’ e.g. Rubin, The Complete James Bond Movie Encyclopedia, p. 434; McKay, The Man with the Golden Touch, p. 252-253; Paseman, The Register-Guard, p. 7D.
6 Gene Barton, ‘New Bond film provides sense of déjà vu’, The Bulletin, 7 June 1985, p. 8.
7 Quoted in Mark A. Altman, ‘Writing Bond’, Cinefantastique, vol. 19, no. 5, July 1989, p. 56.
8 Richard Freedman, ‘‘A View to a Kill’ is the best Bond in years’, The Spokesman Review/Spokane Chronicle, May 24, 1985, p. 11.

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